To the general public, the genus Acacia are commonly known as wattles or acacias. The genus comprises a large group of shrubs and trees. It includes a group of plant genera native to Africa and Australasia. The genus name is New Latin from the Greek word for ‘thorn‘, that is typical of many species originally included in the genus.
It was in the early 2000s when it became evident that the genus as it stood was not monophyletic, which meant that several divergent lineages needed to be placed in separate genera.
Monophyletic, or monophylogeny, describes a group of organisms that are classified in the same taxon and share a most common recent ancestor. A monophyletic group, sometimes called a clade, includes all the descendants of that most common recent ancestor.
- Dead Finish (Acacia tetragonophylla)
- Red Mulga (Acacia cyperophylla)
- Round-leaf Wattle (Acacia strongylophylla)
- Waddy-wood (Acacia peuce)
More in-depth information can be found in publications and online. Some suggested resources are detailed in the Footnote & References below.
- Scientific classification
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Clade: Tracheophytes
- Clade: Angiosperms
- Clade: Eudicots
- Clade: Rosids
- Order: Fabales
- Family: Fabaceae
- Clade: Mimosoideae
- Tribe: Acacieae
- Genus: Acacia
Footnote & References
- Acacia, Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 8 November 2020, 04:07 UTC, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acacia [accessed 19 November 2020]
- Wattle – Acacias of Australia https://apps.lucidcentral.org/wattle/text/intro/index.html
- A genome resource for Acacia, Australia’s largest plant genus, Todd G. B. McLay, Daniel J. Murphy, Gareth D. Holmes, Sarah Mathews, Gillian K. Brown, David J. Cantrill, Frank Udovicic, Theodore R. Allnutt, Chris J. Jackson, PLOS ONE, https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0274267
- Acacia pycnantha Benth. Golden Wattle, VICFlora, Flora of Victoria, https://vicflora.rbg.vic.gov.au/flora/taxon/20f70d14-0560-467d-a05e-e23eefc93ac6
FloraFlora Index Acacia Annual Yellowtop Apium prostratum subsp. prostratum var filiforme Apple Bush (Pterocaulon sphacelatum) Australian Bluebell Australian Gossypium Banksia Batswing Coral Tree Billy Buttons Birdsville Indigo Blue Pincushion Bush Banana Callistemon Calothamnus quadrifidus Cape Honeysuckle Common Heath Cassia fistula (Golden Shower) Cattle Bush Crotalaria Daviesia oppositifolia (Rattle-pea) Desert Oaks Drumsticks Eremophila Eucalyptus False Shaggy Mane Ficus Flannel Cudweed (Actinobole uliginosum) Georges Indigo Goatshead Burr (Sclerolaena bicornis) Golden Everlasting Goodenia Gossypium Grass and Grasses Grass Trees Grevillea Grey Germander Hakea Kapok Bush (Aerva javanica) Lambertia sp MacDonnell Ranges Cycad Maireana scleroptera Mexican Poppy Minnie Daisy Mistletoe Family Native Apricot Nardoo Nicotiana megalosiphon subspecies sessilifolia Nuytsia floribunda Orange Spade Flower Orchidaceae Parakeelyas (Calandrinia) Pebble Bush (Stylobasium spathulatum) Perennial Yellow Top Pink Everlasting Pink Rock Wort Poached Egg Daisy Portulaca Proteaceae Ptilotus Quandong Resurrection Fern Rosy Dock Ruby Saltbush Santalum Solanum Spike Centaury Spinifex Storkbill (Erodum cygnorum) Striped Mint Bush Sturt’s Desert Pea Sturt’s Desert Rose Tall Saltbush Tangled Leschenaultia Tar Vine Tribulus eichlerianus Upside-down Plant Urodon dasyphylla Variable Daisy Waratah (Telopea) Wertabona Daisy White Cedar (Melia azedarach) White Indigo White Paper Daisy Wild Passionfruit Wild Stock Woolly-Headed Burr Daisy Woolly Bush Yellow-keeled Swainsona