Prized by Aborigines and early settlers alike, the Quandong (Santalum acuminatum) is a shrub or small tree that grows up to 5 m high. It has a rough dark bark and sometimes yellowish green leathery leaves, lanceolate, often curved measuring between 30-90 mm long and 3-12 mm wide.
Rich in vitamin C, the Aborigines ate both the sharp-tasting flesh and the kernel of the large stone, although there is a toxin in the seed that is removed by roasting, and appears to decay over time. There is also some evidence that the seed is used for medicinal purpose. The seed kernel inside the nut casing can be extracted, crushed into a paste then used on sore gums or an oral gum boil to ease the pain.
The wrinkled looking seed case was also used in the game Chinese checkers. The early settlers made the fruit into jams, jellies and pies.
The flower is small and greenish, with a greenish fruit that turns bright red, fleshing and enclosing a round pitted stone. There is also a rarer yellow-fruited form. The fruit ripens in September to October, depending on rainfall.
Native to Australia, it is found in the semi-arid, central desert and southern regions of Australia. It is found growing in sandy spinifex areas, often near water courses, salt lakes or hills. Like others of the genus, the plant is parasitic on the root systems of other nearby trees, however recent research have found that they are parasitic on any root systems of nearby plants.
Check out the Quandong in the Alice Springs Desert Park.
Desert Quandong, Sweet Quandong, Native Peach, Peach Tree.
The quandong is known to many different indigenous language groups and is known by a number of local names:
- Name — Indigenous Language Group
- pmerlpe, pmwerlpe — Eastern Arrernte
- pmwerlpe — Western Arrernte
- mangata, walku — Pintupi
- kuuturu, mangata, walku, wayanu, witirrpa (seed) — Pitjantjatjara
- goorti — Narungga
- guwandhang — Wiradjuri, NSW
- gutchu — Wotjobaluk, WA
- mangarda, mangarta — Warlpiri
Extreme care must be taken when identifying edible food plants and those used in bush medicine. Some bush foods are only edible at different stages of the plant cycle, or when treated appropriately. Bush medicine should only be used under the guidance of a qualified physician. Information here is only provided for research. You should always seek experts in the field to confirm the identification of the plant and whether they are edible or appropriate.
- Scientific classification
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Clade: Tracheophytes
- Clade: Angiosperms
- Clade: Eudicots
- Order: Santalales
- Family: Santalaceae
- Genus: Santalum
- Species: S. acuminatum
- Binomial name: Santalum acuminatum
Footnote & References
- Peter Latz, Bushfires and Bushtucker Aboriginal Plant Use in Central Australia, IAD Press, Alice Springs, 2004
- Philip Moore, A Guide To Plants Of Inland Australia
- Santalum acuminatum, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santalum_acuminatum (last visited Dec. 29, 2020).