The Wallaroo (Osphranter robustus), also referred to as the Common Wallaroo, Euro, or Hill Wallaroo, is a species of macropod. The name Euro is usually applied to the sub-species Osphranter robustus erubescens.

Images © Dorothy L

There are four subspecies of wallaroo:

  • Eastern Wallaroo (O. r. robustus) found in eastern side of Australia is mostly nocturnal and solitary, and is one of the more common macropods. The males of this subspecies have a dark grey fur, whilst the females are lighter.
  • the Euro also known as the Western Wallaroo (O. r. erubescens) or Hills Wallaroo is found in the rest of Australia, to the west and whilst variable, it is mostly brown in colour. Some of those seen in Central Australia (in the hills region in and around Alice Springs have the reddish brown colouration.
  • Barrow Island wallaroo (O. r. isabellinus) is a smaller wallaroo that is found on Barrow Island in Western Australia. It is a reddish-brown in colour.
  • Kimberley Wallaroo (O. r. woodwardi) is found in the Kimberley region of Western Australia and through parts of the Northern Territory. It is the palest of the four subspecies and is a dull brown-grey colour.
  • Scientific classification
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Infraclass: Marsupialia
  • Order: Diprotodontia
  • Family: Macropodidae
  • Genus: Osphranter
  • Species: O. robustus
  • Binomial name: Osphranter robustus
  • Subspecies:
    • O. r. erubescens
    • O. r. isabellinus
    • O. r. robustus
    • O. r. woodwardi