The Harlequin Mistletoe (Lysiana exocarpi) is a member of the Loranthaceae (Mistletoe Family).

With the red, green and yellow colouration of the slender tube-like flower, this mistletoe is known by the common name of ‘harlequin’. The curve shaped flower tube is red, ending in a yellow and green tip. No more than 5 cm in length, found in clusters of 2-3, the flowers are on a very short stalk.

The leaves are hairless narrow and curved with a length between 3-10 cm in length and 1 cm in width.

There is also the yellow form of the Harlequin Mistletoe.

Members of the genus Lysiana, the fruit is translucent red or black, and being edible is one of the Aboriginal food.

Extreme care must be taken when identifying edible food plants and those used in bush medicine. Some bush foods are only edible at different stages of the plant cycle, or when treated appropriately. Bush medicine should only be used under the guidance of a qualified physician. Information here is only provided for research. You should always seek experts in the field to confirm the identification of the plant and whether they are edible or appropriate.

  • Scientific classification
  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Clade: Tracheophytes
  • Clade: Angiosperms
  • Clade: Eudicots
  • Order: Santalales
  • Family: Loranthaceae
  • Genus: Lysiana
  • Species: L. exocarpi
  • Binomial name: Lysiana exocarpi
  • Subspecies:
    L. exocarpi subsp. exocarpi
    L. exocarpi subsp. tenuis