Alice Springs Fauna •

Alice Springs SpidersAustralian Golden Orb Weaver Beautiful Badge Huntsman (Neosparassus calligaster) Banded Garden Spider Desert Huntsman Spider Elegant Water Spider (Dolomedes facetus) Hackled Orb-weavers Long-jawed Orb Weavers Long-tailed St. Andrew’s Cross Spider Lynx Spider (Oxyopidae) Miturgidae (Elassoctenus spp) Red-headed Mouse Spider Wall Spider (Oecobius sp)

This small spider in Alice Springs is thought to belong to the genus Elassoctenus, in the family Miturgidae.

family Miturgidae, genus Elassoctenus spp, Alice Springs NT
family Miturgidae, genus Elassoctenus spp, Alice Springs NT

The Miturgidae are described as “a family of araneomorph spiders” found in a worldwide distribution of some 29 genera and 170 species. The araneomorphs are the so-called modern spiders, having evolved later than the mygalomorphs, the earliest spiders.

family Miturgidae, genus Elassoctenus spp, Alice Springs NT
family Miturgidae, genus Elassoctenus spp, Alice Springs NT

The genus Elassoctenus, has at time of writing, one species Elassoctenus harpax, found in Western Australia and recorded on Atlas of Living Asutralia. Whether the pictured spider is the same species or another species or subspecies, is yet not known.

family Miturgidae, genus Elassoctenus spp, Alice Springs NT
family Miturgidae, genus Elassoctenus spp, Alice Springs NT

The Australian Elassoctenus species have not yet been exhaustively studied. In March 2017 only one Australian species, Elassoctenus harpax (as shown in the book by ( Framenau et al), from Western Australia was listed by the World Spider Catalog. However, several undescribed species have been found in Eastern States, including one in Victoria… Although these vary somewhat in colour they have the same rough body and leg surfaces as on E. harpax and even the distinctive white band midway along Leg III. This is strong evidence that the range of E. harpax includes Eastern Australia

Source: The Find-A-Spider Guide for the Spiders of Southern Queensland
family Miturgidae, genus Elassoctenus spp, Alice Springs NT
family Miturgidae, genus Elassoctenus spp, Alice Springs NT
family Miturgidae, genus Elassoctenus spp, Alice Springs NT
family Miturgidae, genus Elassoctenus spp, Alice Springs NT

  • Scientific classification
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Subphylum: Chelicerata
  • Class: Arachnida
  • Order: Araneae
  • Infraorder: Araneomorphae
  • Family: Miturgidae
  • Genus: Elassoctenus

Footnote & References

  1. Many thanks for ID to Micky O’Brien, member of Australian spider identification page, Facebook group, https://www.facebook.com/groups/australianspidereducation/
  2. Elassoctenus Simon, 1909, Atlas of Living Australia, https://bie.ala.org.au/species/https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/ae93018d-f032-4e87-bdbc-25d38abf02d8
  3. Miturgidae Simon, 1889, Racing Stripe Spiders, Atlas of Living Australia, https://bie.ala.org.au/species/https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/072ce68b-9a9b-413c-abdd-69b09250a70a
  4. Prowling Spiders (Family Miturgidae), iNaturalistAU, https://inaturalist.ala.org.au/taxa/61867-Miturgidae
  5. Genus Elassoctenus, iNaturalistAU, https://inaturalist.ala.org.au/taxa/421016-Elassoctenus
  6. Genus Elassoctenus, ausemade, iNaturalistAU, https://inaturalist.ala.org.au/observations/191659728
  7. Araneomorphae, Arachne.org.au, https://www.arachne.org.au/01_cms/details.asp?ID=906
  8. Elassoctenus harpax, The Find-A-Spider Guide for the Spiders of Southern Queensland, http://www.findaspider.org.au/find/spiders/553.htm (page was not currently active, but was archived in Wayback Machine).
  9. Araneomorphae, Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Araneomorphae

Alice Springs SpidersAustralian Golden Orb Weaver Beautiful Badge Huntsman (Neosparassus calligaster) Banded Garden Spider Desert Huntsman Spider Elegant Water Spider (Dolomedes facetus) Hackled Orb-weavers Long-jawed Orb Weavers Long-tailed St. Andrew’s Cross Spider Lynx Spider (Oxyopidae) Miturgidae (Elassoctenus spp) Red-headed Mouse Spider Wall Spider (Oecobius sp)

Alice Springs FaunaAlice Springs Bees Alice Springs Beetles Alice Springs Birds Alice Springs Butterflies & Moths Alice Springs Insects Alice Springs Dragonflies Alice Springs Orthoptera Alice Springs Reptiles Alice Springs Spiders Alice Springs Wasps Alice Springs Water Scorpion Black-footed Rock Wallaby Euro Garden Mantis

Alice Springs FloraAnnual Yellowtop Acacia ligulata Apple Bush Bougainvillea Burdekin Plum Carob Tree (Ceratonia siliqa) Cattle Bush Desert Cotton (Aerva javanica) Desert Oak Eremophila Wildberry Feijoa sellowiana Flannel Cudweed Fork-leaf Corkwood Ghost Gum Golden Everlasting Kurrajong Lemon-flowered Gum MacDonnell’s Desert Fuchsia Native Bluebell Native Tomato Needlewood Olive Tree Perennial Yellow Top Rat’s Tail River Red Gum Inland River Red Gum Rosy Dock Round-leaved Mallee Scurvy Grass Silky Eremophila Stemodia viscosa Striped Mintbush Sturt’s Desert Pea Sturt’s Desert Rose Tangled Leschenaultia Tar Vine Weeping Bottlebrush White Cedar Yellow Billybutton Yellow-keeled Swainsona Yellow Oleander