Sydney Hyde ParkHyde Park Flora & Fauna

Sydney is home to Australia’s oldest park, Hyde Park. In the heart of central Sydney, Hyde Park is 16 hectares of wide open space.

Hyde Park is bounded by Elizabeth Street (west side), Liverpool Street (south side), College Street (east side), Prince Albert Road and St James Road (north side), with Park Street (west to east) cutting the park in half.

Hyde Park, Sydney NSW
Hyde Park, Sydney NSW

Reserved by Governor Phillip in 1792 for the use of Sydney, it was used as a common for gathering firewood and grazing animals until its proclamation by Governor Macquarie in 1810, who named it after the park in London.

Hyde Park, Sydney NSW
Hyde Park, Sydney NSW

Originally envisaged, by architect Francis Greenway, as the grand quadrangle of a neo-classical town plan, Hyde Park’s first use was as a course for horse racing. Following on by the 1820s it had become a popular venue for cricket matches and children’s games.

Archibald Memorial Fountain, Hyde Park, Sydney NSW
Archibald Memorial Fountain, Hyde Park, Sydney NSW

There were many historical moments and changes related to the park, as well as programs of upgrading. After the city circle rail line in the 1920s, which saw the whole park dup up, reconstruction of the park began in 1926. Two significant constructions were the major monuments of the Archibald Fountain (at the northern end of the park and completed in 1932), and the Anzac Memorial to Australia’s World War I soldiers (which opened in 1934).

Pool of Reflection and Anzac Memorial, Hyde Park, Sydney NSW
Pool of Reflection and Anzac Memorial, Hyde Park, Sydney NSW

Also in the park, are tributes that pay homage to the sacrifices made by the fallen and returning soldiers, including the memorial tribute to all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who have defended our country — Yininmadyemi Thou didst let fall, by artist Tony Albert.

Yininmadyemi Thou didst let fall, artist Tony Albert, ANZAC Memoria, Hyde Park, Sydney NSW
Yininmadyemi Thou didst let fall, artist Tony Albert, ANZAC Memoria, Hyde Park, Sydney NSW

Hyde Park also include two train station, St. James Station (at the northern end of Hyde Park) and Museum Station also known as Museum Railway Station (at the southern end of Hyde Park), both are part of the City Circle rail link and were added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. The Museum Station is the first underground railway station in Australia, followed by St James Station.5, 6

Hyde Park (looking up to the Anzac War Memorial), Sydney NSW
Hyde Park (looking up to the Anzac War Memorial), Sydney NSW

You can read more about the history of Hyde Park on the City of Sydney website.2

The Pool of Reflection, Hyde Park, Sydney NSW
The Pool of Reflection, Hyde Park, Sydney NSW

Footnote & References

  1. Hyde Park, City of Sydney, https://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/parks/hyde-park
  2. History of Hyde Park, City of Sydney, https://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/histories-local-parks-playgrounds/history-hyde-park
  3. Anzac Memorial, https://www.anzacmemorial.nsw.gov.au/
  4. The Pool of Reflection, Anzac Memorial, https://www.anzacmemorial.nsw.gov.au/pool-reflection
  5. St James Railway Station, State Heritage Inventory, https://www.hms.heritage.nsw.gov.au/App/Item/ViewItem?itemId=4801096
  6. Museum Railway Station Including Interiors, State Heritage Inventory, https://www.hms.heritage.nsw.gov.au/App/Item/ViewItem?itemId=2424096
  7. The Secret Tunnels at St James Station, by museumoflost, 4 January 2022, The Museum of Lost Things, https://www.museumoflost.com/the-secret-tunnels-at-st-james-station/
Hyde Park at night, Sydney NSW
Hyde Park at night, Sydney NSW

Sydney Hyde ParkHyde Park Flora & Fauna

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