Alice Springs Reptile Centre

Eastern Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis) is widespread and particularly abundant along the east coast of Australia. Although they have been seen in the arid interior, they are uncommon in this region.

The venom of the eastern brown is ranked as the second most toxic in the world, but the venom glands are relatively small. Snake venom evolved primarily as a means of subduing prey animals.

All ‘brown snakes’ are potentially dangerous to humans, but they rarely attack unless provoked, and they generally give a warning first! Brown snakes have a cream or yellow belly which is liberally spotted with orange and this warning colour is dramatically revealed when the snake faces an attacker and raises its forebody in an “S” shape.


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  • Scientific classification
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Reptilia
  • Order: Squamata
  • Suborder: Serpentes
  • Family: Elapidae
  • Genus: Pseudonaja
  • Species: P. textilis
  • Binomial name: Pseudonaja textilis