Olive Pink Botanic Garden

Bush Plum (Santalum lanceolatum) is a common plant across the region, often growing in small copses along watercourses. This plant has been document growing in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Northern Territory and Western Australia.

Bush Plum (Santalum lanceolatum)
Bush Plum (Santalum lanceolatum), Olive Pink Botanic Garden, Alice Springs

The Arrerte people name for the fruit is Arrankweye, which turns black when ripe and is significant bush food for the Aboriginal people. The fruit were also used by the Arrerte people to dye reeds to make into baskets.

Bush Plum (Santalum lanceolatum)
Bush Plum (Santalum lanceolatum), Olive Pink Botanic Garden, Alice Springs

Common name
Northern Sandalwood, Bush Plum, Wild Plum, Commercial Sandalwood, Northern Sandalbox, Plumbush, Plumwood, Quandong, Queensland Sandalwood, Sandalwood, Southern Sandalwood, Tropical Sandalwood, True Sandalwood.

Arrankweye (the Arrerte people/Arrernte language name for the fruit of the Bush plum). This is a common name applied to a number of different species that produce bush plum.

Extreme care must be taken when identifying edible food plants and those used in bush medicine. Some bush foods are only edible at different stages of the plant cycle, or when treated appropriately. Bush medicine should only be used under the guidance of a qualified physician. Information here is only provided for research. You should always seek experts in the field to confirm the identification of the plant and whether they are edible or appropriate.

  • Scientific classification
  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Clade: Tracheophytes
  • Clade: Angiosperms
  • Clade: Eudicots
  • Order: Santalales
  • Family: Santalaceae
  • Genus: Santalum
  • Species: S. lanceolatum
  • Binomial name: Santalum lanceolatum

Footnote & References

  1. Santalum lanceolatum, Plants and fungi of south western NSW, https://keys.lucidcentral.org/keys/v3/scotia/key/Plants%20and%20Fungi%20of%20south%20western%20NSW/Media/Html/Santalum_lanceolatum.htm