Ilparpa Claypans FloraAnnual Yellowtop (Senecio gregorii) Apple Bush (Pterocaulon sphacelatum) Buffel Grass (Cenchrus ciliaris) Button grass (Dactyloctenium radulans) Centipeda crateriformis Cyperus sp Goatshead Burr (Sclerolaena bicornis) Golden Everlasting (Xerochrysum bracteatum) Invisible Plant (Siemssenia capillaris) Longtails (Ptilotus polystachyus) Nardoo (Marsilea drummondii) Pink Everlasting (Schoenia cassiniana) Polycarpaea corymbosa var brevifolia Red Pussytail (Ptilotus polystachyus) Schenkia australis Small-Leaf Swainson-Pea (Swainsona microphylla) Tiny Purslane (Calandrinia pumila) Tiny Purslane (White form) Variable Daisy (Brachyscome ciliaris) Wahlenbergia capillaris Yellow Billybutton (Calocephalus platycephalus)

From the genus Sclerolaena that include the commonly known copperburrs, prickle bushes and bindyi, this species of Goatshead Burr (Sclerolaena bicornis), gets it common name from the two horns on the fruit — bi (from the Latin two) and cornu (from the Latin horn).

Goatshead Burr (Sclerolaena bicornis), Ilparpa Claypans, Alice Springs NT
Goatshead Burr (Sclerolaena bicornis), Ilparpa Claypans, Alice Springs NT

A branching shrub that grows up to 60 cm in height, the plant is covered in white woolly hairs. The fruit is white and woolly with two spines. They are found growing in arid regions, mainly on red and black clayey soils, and in disturbed areas.

Goatshead Burr (Sclerolaena bicornis), Ilparpa Claypans, Alice Springs NT
Goatshead Burr (Sclerolaena bicornis), Ilparpa Claypans, Alice Springs NT

There are seven species of Sclerolaena that are common in Central Australia, including Sclerolaena bicornis. The Sclerolaena is a favourite of native birds.

Goatshead Burr (Sclerolaena bicornis), Ilparpa Claypans, Alice Springs NT
Goatshead Burr (Sclerolaena bicornis), Ilparpa Claypans, Alice Springs NT

  • Scientific classification
  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Clade: Tracheophytes
  • Clade: Angiosperms
  • Clade: Eudicots
  • Order: Caryophyllales
  • Family: Amaranthaceae
  • Genus: Sclerolaena
  • Species: Sclerolaena bicornis

Ilparpa Claypans FloraAnnual Yellowtop (Senecio gregorii) Apple Bush (Pterocaulon sphacelatum) Buffel Grass (Cenchrus ciliaris) Button grass (Dactyloctenium radulans) Centipeda crateriformis Cyperus sp Goatshead Burr (Sclerolaena bicornis) Golden Everlasting (Xerochrysum bracteatum) Invisible Plant (Siemssenia capillaris) Longtails (Ptilotus polystachyus) Nardoo (Marsilea drummondii) Pink Everlasting (Schoenia cassiniana) Polycarpaea corymbosa var brevifolia Red Pussytail (Ptilotus polystachyus) Schenkia australis Small-Leaf Swainson-Pea (Swainsona microphylla) Tiny Purslane (Calandrinia pumila) Tiny Purslane (White form) Variable Daisy (Brachyscome ciliaris) Wahlenbergia capillaris Yellow Billybutton (Calocephalus platycephalus)

Ilparpa ClaypansIlparpa Claypans Fauna Ilparpa Claypans Flora Ilparpa Claypans Landscape

Northern TerritoryCentral Australia Aileron Alice Springs Binns Track Chambers Pillar Historical Reserve Ernest Giles Road Finke Gorge National Park Henbury Meteorites Conservation Reserve Hermannsburg Historic Precinct Ilparpa Claypans Karlu Karlu / Devils Marbles Conservation Reserve MacDonnell Ranges Owen Springs Reserve Red Centre Way Drive Standley Chasm Tnorala (Gosse Bluff) Conservation Reserve Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park Watarrka National Park & Kings Canyon Wurre / Rainbow Valley