The European Greenfinch (Chloris chloris), also known simply as the Greenfinch is a widespread species through Europe, North Africa and Southwest Asia. They have been introduced into Australia, New Zealand, Argentina and Uruguay.

A small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae, they are common in wooded and forest habitats. They are also found on farmlands, seen in urban parks and gardens.

The male of the species is greenish in colour with yellow flashes on the wing and side of the tail. They have a thick conical shape pale to pinkish bill. The female and young birds are duller in colour, with brown tones on the back, but shares the pattern of the male.

In Australasia, the breeding season can occur between October to March. It is the female bird that builds the nest and incubates the eggs. The male is known to feed the female at the nest and both will feed the young.

Images © Dorothy L


  • Scientific classification
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Passeriformes
  • Family: Fringillidae
  • Subfamily: Carduelinae
  • Genus: Chloris
  • Species: C. chloris
  • Binomial name: Chloris chloris