Birds | Raptors | Black Falcon | 2

A medium-large falcon, the Black Falcon (Falco subniger) is endemic to and found across mainland Australia.

Black Falcon (Falco subniger)
Black Falcon (Falco subniger), Kunoth Bore, Central Australia

The Black Falcon is a dark brown to sooty black in colouration, with a dark stripe below the eye. Whilst the chick have white down, the juveniles are usually darker than the adults. The underwing feathers have a two-toned, with the flight feathers being slightly paler. Some adult birds have a white chin, spots on the underwing coverts or in some instances, bars on the undertail coverts.

The falcon’s body is streamlined with a relatively long tail, with tail making up about half the length of the body. The wings are long and pointed tapering toward wing tip. The female black falcons are larger than the males.

Images © Dorothy L

  • Scientific classification
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Aves
  • Order: Falconiformes
  • Family: Falconidae
  • Genus: Falco
  • Species: F. subniger
  • Binomial name: Falco subniger