Lying north-west of Sydney, the Wollemi National Park is
the second largest park in NSW, 487,500 hectares. The park adjoins
the Blue Mountains, Yengo and Goulburn River National Parks and Parr
State Recreation Area, forming a mountainous greenbelt and
recreation area that is close to Sydney.
remaining wilderness area in NSW, 200,000 hectares, it offers a
difficult but rewarding landscape of mountain rainforests, sandstone
pagoda formations, mountain swamps, forests growing on rich basalt
soil, spectacular cliffs of the Colo river catchment, the Widden
Valley, Newness and Capertee to name just a few.
Flora and Fauna
The flora varies in response to the variety of habitats with
extensive tall open woodlands, heath and lush patches of rainforest.
In August 1994 a new species of tree was discovered within the park.
named the Wollemi Pine, the species is a living fossil whose
closest relatives are fossils from the Cretaceous and early Tertiary
periods about 100 million years ago. Fossils with similar features
also occurred in the Jurassic as long as 150 million years ago. Only
a small grove of the trees has been found, with knowledge of its
location and access to the site, strictly limited to a small number
of scientists and rangers, because the trees' very survival depends
on their isolation. Detailed study of the species and propagation of
it are being undertaken by the
Royal Botanic Gardens.
Some of the fauna found in the park include eastern grey kangaroos,
wombats, red-necked wallabies and wallaroos. These are often seen in
the early morning or late afternoon grazing on the grassy stream
banks. Some of the rare and endangered fauna found, include the
broad-headed snake, regent honeyeater, glossy black cockatoo, koala
and the brush-tailed rock wallaby.