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Lying 369 km north-west of Sydney and 304 m above sea-level, located in the Wellington Valley at the junction of the Macquarie and Bell Rivers, and at the foot of Mt Arthur is Wellington, the second-oldest town west of the Blue Mountains.

The first European visitor to the country of the Wiradjuri people was John Oxley, who appears to have climbed Mt Arthur and, from there gazed down upon what he named the Wellington Valley, after the Duke of Wellington. Descending the mountain, he came to a small river which he named the Bell after Brevet Major Bell of the 48th Regiment.

Following Governor Brisbane’s military campaign against the Wiradjuri in the early 1820s, he opened an agricultural station run by convicts and soldiers in Wellington Valley in 1823. A failure because of drought, it was closed by Governor Darling in 1830 after which time the buildings and 7,000 acres of land were granted to the Church Missionary Society to establish a Wiradjuri Mission.

Wellington includes Montefiores, Arthurville, Geurie, Neurah, Lake Burrendong, the Wellington Caves, phosphate mines and Bakers Swamp.

In 1831, J B Montefiore was granted 5,120 acres on the northern bank of the Macquarie River. In 1840 he subdivided the western section of the estate and a private village known as Montefiores was established. All westbound traffic passed through the village’s main thoroughfare, Gipps St Cobb & Co used the village as a coach stop. The horses were changed here after fording the river. Only a few buildings remain, most notably an inn thought to have been the Lion of Waterloo Hotel which was licensed in 1842, making it the oldest licensed hotel west of the Blue Mountains that is still standing.

Montefiores greatest claim to fame is that the last known duel to have been fought on Australian soil was waged with pistols outside the Lion of Waterloo in 1854. It was an alcohol-driven affair, with one hapless shot being fired before the constabulary arrived and took the duellers off to the local lockup.

Wiradjuri people continue to live on their traditional lands in the Wellington District. This was acknowledged in 1995 in the Wellington Common Agreement, an agreement between state and local government bodies, Aboriginal organisations and CRA Exploration Pty Ltd. This historic document described Wellington as (part of) the traditional area of the Wiradjuri.

Annual events include the Wellington Boot race day and the Vintage Fair in March, and the Festivale celebrations and activities week in late October-early November.

Descending down into the cave at Wellington.
Descending down into the cave at Wellington.


Phosphate Mine.
Down in the Phosphate Mine.


Giant Steam Tractor - One of only 3 working giant stream tractors in New South Wales, if not Australia.
Giant Steam Tractor - One of only 3 working giant stream tractors in New South Wales,
if not Australia.

The information centre is located in Cameron Park, hailed as one of the best public gardens in NSW, lining one side of Nanima Crescent (Wellington’s main street and a section of the Mitchell Highway). There is a sunken garden and superb rose beds. The lily pond was once a children’s swimming pool. Cameron Park is linked to Pioneer Park via a suspension bridge over the Bell River.

In addition to our listed online travel guide information, contact the local tourism visitor centre for your destination for more attractions, tours, local maps and other information.

Information Centre

Wellington Visitor Information Centre
Cameron Park Nanima Crescent
Ph: 02 6845 1733
Freecall: 1800 621 614

Mon to Fri 9 am - 5 pm
Sat 9 am - 4 pm
Sun 10 am - 2 pm
Closed Good Friday and Christmas Day
Hours may vary, contact visitor centre

Wellington Distance

Distance to Wellington
• Following are some approximate distances by road to Wellington:
Bathurst 154
Dubbo 51
Forbes 143
Molong 65
Mudgee 101
Orange 100
Parkes 110
Sydney 357
Distances given are only approximation, they should be verified with the appropriate maps.
The Australian Automotive Motoring Associations also offer select access to travel trip planners.
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